Pure down-conversion photons through sub-coherence length domain engineering

Francesco Graffitti, Dmytro Kundys, Derryck T. Reid, Agata M. Brańczyk, Alessandro Fedrizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)
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Photonic quantum technology relies on efficient sources of coherent single photons, the ideal carriers of quantum information. Heralded single photons from parametric down-conversion can approximate on-demand single photons to a desired degree, with high spectral purities achieved through group-velocity matching and tailored crystal nonlinearities. Here we propose crystal nonlinearity engineering techniques with sub-coherence-length domains. We first introduce a combination of two existing methods: a deterministic approach with coherence-length domains and probabilistic domain-width annealing. We then show how the same deterministic domain-flip approach can be implemented with sub-coherence length domains. Both of these complementary techniques create highly pure photons, outperforming previous methods, in particular for short nonlinear crystals matched to femtosecond lasers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalQuantum Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2017


  • quant-ph


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