Pulsed field gel electrophoresis of chromosomal DNA reveals a clonal population structure to Bacillus thuringiensis that relates in general to crystal protein gene content

Adelaida M. Gaviria Rivera, Fergus G. Priest

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    Seventy strains of Bacillus thuringiensis representing 21 serovars were allocated to 38 genomic groups using pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of restriction enzyme-digested DNA. There was a broad correlation between PFGE type and serotype for serovars darmstadiensis, israelensis, kenyae, kumamotoensis, kurstaki, sotto, thuringiensis, and tolworthi, although some serovars included atypical strains. Serovars canadensis and entomocidus were heterogeneous. Detection of crystal protein genes by polymerase chain reaction indicated an approximate correlation between PFGE type and cry gene complement. For example, cry1 products were amplified from DNA from PFGE type 17 strains of serovar aizawai and from PFGE type 23 strains of serovar tolworthi but not from a PFGE 18 strain of aizawai nor from a PFGE type 24 strain of tolworthi. These data suggest a clonal population structure to B. thuringiensis with some consistency of Cry-plasmid composition within PFGE types. © 2003 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)61-66
    Number of pages6
    JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2003


    • Clonal group
    • Crystal protein
    • DNA fingerprinting
    • Insect pathogenicity

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