Psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An assessment using exploratory structural equation modelling

Viren Swami, Christophe Maïano, Kah Yan Wong, Hanoor Syahirah Zahari, David Barron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES) measures self-conscious emotions in relation to the body and appearance. While scores have been shown to support a hypothesised 4-factor model consisting of facets of shame, guilt, authentic pride, and hubristic pride, previous studies are limited in their sole reliance on confirmatory factor analysis. Here, we assessed the psychometric properties of a novel Bahasa Malaysia translation of the BASES using an exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM) framework. Malaysian adults (N = 1049) completed the BASES along with measures of body appreciation, psychological well-being, and secure non-striving. The results of exploratory factor analysis and ESEM in separate split-half subsamples supported a 2-dimensional model consisting of Shame-Guilt and Authentic-Hubristic Pride. This 2-dimensional model was broadly invariant across ethnicity, gender, and age, had adequate internal consistency, and evidenced adequate construct validity in relation to the Authenthic-Hubristic Pride subscale. We interpret our findings as consistent with the view that cultural factors shape the way in which body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions are manifested. Our results also highlight the importance of considering alternative conceptualisations of body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions, which previous studies may have obscured through their reliance on confirmatory factor analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-304
Number of pages12
JournalBody Image
Volume39
Early online date3 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Body Image/psychology
  • Emotions
  • Guilt
  • Humans
  • Latent Class Analysis
  • Malaysia
  • Psychometrics
  • Self Concept
  • Shame

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES): An assessment using exploratory structural equation modelling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this