Protocol for a randomised controlled trial to investigate the effects of vitamin K2 on recovery from muscle-damaging resistance exercise in young and older adults—the TAKEOVER study

Hannah Lithgow, Lynsey Johnston, Frederick K. Ho, Carlos Celis-Morales, James Cobley, Truls Raastad, Angus M. Hunter, Jennifer S. Lees, Patrick B. Mark, Terry J. Quinn, Stuart R. Gray*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Regular participation in resistance exercise is known to have broad-ranging health benefits and for this reason is prominent in the current physical activity guidelines. Recovery after such exercise is important for several populations across the age range and nutritional strategies to enhance recovery and modulate post-exercise physiological processes are widely studied, yet effective strategies remain elusive. Vitamin K2 supplementation has emerged as a potential candidate, and the aim of the current study, therefore, is to test the hypothesis that vitamin K2 supplementation can accelerate recovery, via modulation of the underlying physiological processes, following a bout of resistance exercise in young and older adults.

Methods: The current study is a two-arm randomised controlled trial which will be conducted in 80 (40 young (≤40 years) and 40 older (≥65 years)) adults to compare post-exercise recovery in those supplemented with vitamin K2 or placebo for a 12-week period. The primary outcome is muscle strength with secondary outcomes including pain-free range of motion, functional abilities, surface electromyography (sEMG) and markers of inflammation and oxidative stress.

Discussion: Ethical approval has been granted by the College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences Ethical Committee at the University of Glasgow (Project No 200190189) and recruitment is ongoing. Study findings will be disseminated through a presentation at scientific conferences and in scientific journals.

Trial registration: ClinicialTrials.gov NCT04676958. Prospectively registered on 21 December 2020.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1026
JournalTrials
Volume23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Muscle damage
  • Recovery
  • Resistance exercise
  • Vitamin K

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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