Properties of Probiotics Kocuria SM1 and Rhodococcus SM2 Isolated from Fish Guts

S. M. Sharifuzzaman, Hafizur Rahman, Dawn Amy Austin, B. Austin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study characterized probiotics Kocuria SM1 and Rhodococcus SM2, which were recovered from the intestinal microbiota of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum). The cultures were Gram-positive, non-motile, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative cocci or rods. Cell multiplication of SM1 and SM2 was observed at 4–37 °C (45 °C for SM1), in 0–20% (w/v) NaCl and at pH 2–11. The viability was not affected when exposed to pepsin at pH 2.0 and 3.0, and pancreatin at pH 8.0. Neither isolates were chrome azurol S-positive for siderophore production. Of the 19 common enzymes analysed using the API-ZYM system, only 8 were evident in the culture of SM1 compared to 11 enzymes for SM2. The secondary metabolites of both probiotics were inhibitory to Acinetobacter baumannii, Vibrio anguillarum and V. ordalii; SM2 inhibited Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. SM2 was resistant to penicillin and sulphatriad, out of six antimicrobial agents; SM1 was resistant to sulphatriad. These results suggest that Kocuria SM1 and Rhodococcus SM2 are able to grow over a wide range of temperature, salinity and pH, including in conditions that mimic the gastrointestinal environment of fish and produce extracellular enzymes that may have a role in the host digestive processes. Importantly, Rhodococcus SM2 displays a high degree of bacteriocinogenic potential against multi-drug-resistant human pathogens that have never been documented among the gut microbiota of fish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalProbiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Early online date5 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Antagonism
  • Antibiogramme
  • Identification
  • Intestinal microbiota
  • Probiotics
  • Rainbow trout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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