Profiling potential brewing yeast from forest and vineyard ecosystems

Eugenia Iturritxa, Annie E. Hill, María-Jesús Torija

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
117 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The brewing ability of wild yeast strains obtained from forest and vineyards ecosystems was analysed and compared with commercial yeast strains. The selection of new yeast strains as a way to create new beer aromas and flavours and to use local strains to promote the proximity ingredients in brewing is a topic of interest in the craft beer sector. Seventy-six wild Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces isolates and eighteen control strains were evaluated for their enzymatic activity and brewing capacity. The early screening system was set up to profile their enzymatic activity, utilisation of wort sugars and the effect of hop acids and ethanol on yeast growth. The microvolume screening method allows a large number of samples to be studied at the same time, permitting an affordable and rapid characterization in a relatively short period of time. Twenty-eight strains were selected using this method and tested in small-scale fermentations. Finally, three of these strains, all belonging to the species Lachancea thermotolerans, showed great potential and adaptability to ferment different wort styles, although further studies will be necessary to test their possibilities as beer starters. Understanding yeast enzymatic profiles and the influence of beer ingredients on their fermentation activity provides a platform to select strains for further consideration in brewing research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110187
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Volume394
Early online date21 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Non-Saccharomyces
  • Quercus spp.
  • Saccharomyces
  • Vitis vinifera
  • Wild yeast screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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