Production of Butylamine in the Gas Phase Hydrogenation of Butyronitrile over Pd/SiO2 and Ba-Pd/SiO2

Yufen Hao, Maoshuai Li, Fernando Cardenas-Lizana, Mark A Keane

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Abstract

The gas phase (1 atm, 473-563 K) hydrogenation of butyronitrile has been studied over Pd/SiO2 and Ba-Pd/SiO2. Catalysts characterisation involved TPR, H2/NH3 chemisorption/TPD, XRD and TEM measurements. The incorporation of Ba with Pd resulted in the formation of smaller metal nano-particles (7 nm vs. 28 nm) with a resultant (seven-fold) higher H2 chemisorption and decreased total surface acidity (from NH3 chemisorption/TPD). Temperature related activity maxima were observed for both catalysts and are associated with thermal desorption of the nitrile reactant. Exclusivity to the target butylamine was achieved at T ≥ 543 K where Ba-Pd/SiO2 delivered higher selective hydrogenation rate (91 mol h−1 molPd-1) than Pd/SiO2 (54 mol h−1 molPd−1), attributed to greater availability of surface reactive hydrogen. Lower surface acidity served to minimise condensation to higher amines. The rate and selectivity to butylamine exceed those previously reported for gas phase operation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
JournalCatalysis, Structure and Reactivity
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2016

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