Probing domain mobility in a flavocytochrome

Emma L Rothery, Christopher G Mowat, Caroline S Miles, Sarah Mott, Malcolm D Walkinshaw, Graeme A Reid, Stephen K Chapman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The crystal structures of various different members of the family of fumarate reductases and succinate dehydrogenases have allowed the identification of a mobile clamp (or capping) domain [e.g., Taylor, P., Pealing, S. L., Reid, G. A., Chapman, S. K., and Walkinshaw, M. D. (1999) Nat. Struct. Biol. 6, 1108-1112], which has been proposed to be involved in regulating accessibility of the active site to substrate. To investigate this, we have constructed the A251C:S430C double mutant form of the soluble flavocytochrome c(3) fumarate reductase from Shewanella frigidimarina, to introduce an interdomain disulfide bond between the FAD-binding and clamp domains of the enzyme, thus restricting relative mobility between the two. Here, we describe the kinetic and crystallographic analysis of this double mutant enzyme. The 1.6 A resolution crystal structure of the A251C:S430C enzyme under oxidizing conditions reveals the formation of a disulfide bond, while Ellman analysis confirms its presence in the enzyme in solution. Kinetic analyses with the enzyme in both the nonbridged (free thiol) and the disulfide-bridged states indicate a slight decrease in the rate of fumarate reduction when the disulfide bridge is present, while solvent-kinetic-isotope studies indicate that in both wild-type and mutant enzymes the reaction is rate limited by proton and/or hydride transfer during catalysis. The limited effects of the inhibition of clamp domain mobility upon the catalytic reaction would indicate that such mobility is not essential for the regulation of substrate access or product release.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4983-4989
    Number of pages7
    JournalBiochemistry
    Volume43
    Issue number17
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2004

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    Disulfides
    Succinate Dehydrogenase
    Clamping devices
    Enzymes
    Kinetics
    Crystal structure
    Fumarates
    Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide
    Substrates
    Sulfhydryl Compounds
    Hydrides
    Isotopes
    Catalysis
    Reaction rates
    Protons

    Cite this

    Rothery, E. L., Mowat, C. G., Miles, C. S., Mott, S., Walkinshaw, M. D., Reid, G. A., & Chapman, S. K. (2004). Probing domain mobility in a flavocytochrome. Biochemistry, 43(17), 4983-4989. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi030261w
    Rothery, Emma L ; Mowat, Christopher G ; Miles, Caroline S ; Mott, Sarah ; Walkinshaw, Malcolm D ; Reid, Graeme A ; Chapman, Stephen K. / Probing domain mobility in a flavocytochrome. In: Biochemistry. 2004 ; Vol. 43, No. 17. pp. 4983-4989.
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    Rothery, EL, Mowat, CG, Miles, CS, Mott, S, Walkinshaw, MD, Reid, GA & Chapman, SK 2004, 'Probing domain mobility in a flavocytochrome', Biochemistry, vol. 43, no. 17, pp. 4983-4989. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi030261w

    Probing domain mobility in a flavocytochrome. / Rothery, Emma L; Mowat, Christopher G; Miles, Caroline S; Mott, Sarah; Walkinshaw, Malcolm D; Reid, Graeme A; Chapman, Stephen K.

    In: Biochemistry, Vol. 43, No. 17, 04.05.2004, p. 4983-4989.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Probing domain mobility in a flavocytochrome

    AU - Rothery, Emma L

    AU - Mowat, Christopher G

    AU - Miles, Caroline S

    AU - Mott, Sarah

    AU - Walkinshaw, Malcolm D

    AU - Reid, Graeme A

    AU - Chapman, Stephen K

    N1 - M1 - Article

    PY - 2004/5/4

    Y1 - 2004/5/4

    N2 - The crystal structures of various different members of the family of fumarate reductases and succinate dehydrogenases have allowed the identification of a mobile clamp (or capping) domain [e.g., Taylor, P., Pealing, S. L., Reid, G. A., Chapman, S. K., and Walkinshaw, M. D. (1999) Nat. Struct. Biol. 6, 1108-1112], which has been proposed to be involved in regulating accessibility of the active site to substrate. To investigate this, we have constructed the A251C:S430C double mutant form of the soluble flavocytochrome c(3) fumarate reductase from Shewanella frigidimarina, to introduce an interdomain disulfide bond between the FAD-binding and clamp domains of the enzyme, thus restricting relative mobility between the two. Here, we describe the kinetic and crystallographic analysis of this double mutant enzyme. The 1.6 A resolution crystal structure of the A251C:S430C enzyme under oxidizing conditions reveals the formation of a disulfide bond, while Ellman analysis confirms its presence in the enzyme in solution. Kinetic analyses with the enzyme in both the nonbridged (free thiol) and the disulfide-bridged states indicate a slight decrease in the rate of fumarate reduction when the disulfide bridge is present, while solvent-kinetic-isotope studies indicate that in both wild-type and mutant enzymes the reaction is rate limited by proton and/or hydride transfer during catalysis. The limited effects of the inhibition of clamp domain mobility upon the catalytic reaction would indicate that such mobility is not essential for the regulation of substrate access or product release.

    AB - The crystal structures of various different members of the family of fumarate reductases and succinate dehydrogenases have allowed the identification of a mobile clamp (or capping) domain [e.g., Taylor, P., Pealing, S. L., Reid, G. A., Chapman, S. K., and Walkinshaw, M. D. (1999) Nat. Struct. Biol. 6, 1108-1112], which has been proposed to be involved in regulating accessibility of the active site to substrate. To investigate this, we have constructed the A251C:S430C double mutant form of the soluble flavocytochrome c(3) fumarate reductase from Shewanella frigidimarina, to introduce an interdomain disulfide bond between the FAD-binding and clamp domains of the enzyme, thus restricting relative mobility between the two. Here, we describe the kinetic and crystallographic analysis of this double mutant enzyme. The 1.6 A resolution crystal structure of the A251C:S430C enzyme under oxidizing conditions reveals the formation of a disulfide bond, while Ellman analysis confirms its presence in the enzyme in solution. Kinetic analyses with the enzyme in both the nonbridged (free thiol) and the disulfide-bridged states indicate a slight decrease in the rate of fumarate reduction when the disulfide bridge is present, while solvent-kinetic-isotope studies indicate that in both wild-type and mutant enzymes the reaction is rate limited by proton and/or hydride transfer during catalysis. The limited effects of the inhibition of clamp domain mobility upon the catalytic reaction would indicate that such mobility is not essential for the regulation of substrate access or product release.

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    JO - Biochemistry

    JF - Biochemistry

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    Rothery EL, Mowat CG, Miles CS, Mott S, Walkinshaw MD, Reid GA et al. Probing domain mobility in a flavocytochrome. Biochemistry. 2004 May 4;43(17):4983-4989. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi030261w