Priority research questions for the UK food system

John S. I. Ingram, Hugh L. Wright, Lucy Foster, Timothy Aldred, David Barling, Tim G. Benton, Paul M. Berryman, Charles S. Bestwick, Alice Bows-Larkin, Tim F. Brocklehurst, Judith Buttriss, John Casey, Hannah Collins, Daniel S. Crossley, Catherine S. Dolan, Elizabeth Dowler, Robert Edwards, Karen J. Finney, Julie L. Fitzpatrick, Mark FowlerDavid A. Garrett, Jim E. Godfrey, Andrew Godley, William Griffiths, Eleanor J. Houlston, Michel J. Kaiser, Robert Kennard, Jerry W. Knox, Andrew Kuyk, Bruce R. Linter, Jennie I. Macdiarmid, Wayne Martindale, John C. Mathers, Daniel F. McGonigle, Angela Mead, Samuel J. Millar, Anne Miller, Calum Murray, Ian T. Norton, Stephen Parry, Marilena Pollicino, Thomas E. Quested, Savvas Tassou, Leon A. Terry, Richard Tiffin, Pieter van de Graaf, William Vorley, Andrew Westby, William J. Sutherland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


The rise of food security up international political, societal and academic agendas has led to increasing interest in novel means of improving primary food production and reducing waste. There are however, also many 'post-farm gate' activities that are critical to food security, including processing, packaging, distributing, retailing, cooking and consuming. These activities all affect a range of important food security elements, notably availability, affordability and other aspects of access, nutrition and safety. Addressing the challenge of universal food security, in the context of a number of other policy goals (e.g. social, economic and environmental sustainability), is of keen interest to a range of UK stakeholders but requires an up-to-date evidence base and continuous innovation. An exercise was therefore conducted, under the auspices of the UK Global Food Security Programme, to identify priority research questions with a focus on the UK food system (though the outcomes may be broadly applicable to other developed nations). Emphasis was placed on incorporating a wide range of perspectives ('world views') from different stakeholder groups: policy, private sector, non-governmental organisations, advocacy groups and academia. A total of 456 individuals submitted 820 questions from which 100 were selected by a process of online voting and a three-stage workshop voting exercise. These 100 final questions were sorted into 10 themes and the 'top' question for each theme identified by a further voting exercise. This step also allowed four different stakeholder groups to select the top 7-8 questions from their perspectives. Results of these voting exercises are presented. It is clear from the wide range of questions prioritised in this exercise that the different stakeholder groups identified specific research needs on a range of post-farm gate activities and food security outcomes. Evidence needs related to food affordability, nutrition and food safety (all key elements of food security) featured highly in the exercise. While there were some questions relating to climate impacts on production, other important topics for food security (e.g. trade, transport, preference and cultural needs) were not viewed as strongly by the participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-636
Number of pages20
JournalFood Security
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013


  • Evidence gaps
  • Food security
  • Post-farm gate activities
  • Priority setting
  • Stakeholder world views
  • UK food system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Development
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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