Pressure by design: How to improve the consistency of pressure garments in the clinical environment and implement a simple method for gathering evidence to establish efficacy

Dawn Syron Jones, Lisa Macintyre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pressure garments are used to treat scars after major trauma including burns. However, the ideal pressure for treatment is not known. Pressures exerted are not routinely measured and garments exert a wide range of pressures. Therefore, current treatment and its efficacy are variable.

Pressure Garment Design Tools were introduced in 2012 but their application in hospitals has not been reported. A Garment Dimension and Pressure Calculator was used to audit pressures delivered by 8 pressure garments made for children using the hospital department’s standard reduction factor. The tool was easy to use and showed that pressures exerted by standard garments ranged from 15 to 54mmHg with highest pressures exerted on wrists.

Results of our pilot study indicated that the Garment Dimension and Pressure Calculator was slightly quicker to use than our normal manual process for calculating garment dimensions and enabled easy auditing of past treatment. The Pressure Garment Design Tool was easy to use and calculated garments that exerted the mean target pressures of 15mmHg and 25mmHg, improving consistency.

Pressures exerted by garments were difficult and time consuming to measure with the Picopress sensor. Pressure was not distributed evenly around the limbs and measurements were inaccurate on the smallest limbs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBurns
Early online date31 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Compression
  • Laplace Law
  • Pressure garment
  • Pressure garment design tool, garment dimension and pressure calculator
  • Reduction factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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