Preliminary considerations on the application of toe-to-heel steam flooding (THSF): Injection well-producer well configurations

Seyyed Mobeen Fatemi, Benyamin Yadali Jamaloei

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This work examines the operational parameters that may influence the performance of toe-to-heel steamflooding in a laboratory-scale simulation model built on the basis of the fluid and rock samples from a fractured, low-permeable, carbonate heavy oil reservoir in Southwestern Iran, called KEM (Kuh-e-Mond). Using vertical (V) or horizontal (H) injectors (I) and producers (P), the effects of different well configurations including VIVP, VIHP, 2VIHP, VI2HP, HIHP, and HI2HP, injectors' traversal distance, producers' traversal distance, and horizontal producer length have been investigated. In summary, the results show that 2VIHP scheme performs best in terms of oil recovery and areal/volumetric sweep efficiency. Also, traversal distance of the vertical injectors and horizontal producer length should be optimized to have the maximum performance. © 2011 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2365-2379
    Number of pages15
    JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
    Volume89
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2011

    Keywords

    • Heavy oil
    • Persian Gulf
    • Steamflooding
    • Toe-to-heel injections
    • Wells type and arrangement

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