Predictions of the structure of turbulent, highly underexpanded jets

P S Cumber, M Fairweather, S A E G Falle, J R Giddings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


A mathematical model capable of predicting the shock and flow structure of turbulent, underexpanded jets is described. The model is based on solutions of the fluid flow equations obtained using a second-order accurate, finite-volume integration scheme together with an adaptive grid algorithm. Closure of these equations is achieved using a k-epsilon turbulence model coupled to the compressible dissipation rate correction proposed by Sarkar et al. (1991a). Extending earlier work which demonstrated the ability of this model to predict the structure of moderately underexpanded jets, the present paper compares model predictions and experimental data, reported in the literature, on a number of highly underexpanded releases. The results obtained demonstrate that the model yields reliable predictions of shock structure in the near field, inviscid region of such jets, while in the far field results derived using the compressibility corrected turbulence model are adequate for predicting mean flow properties, and are superior to those obtained using a standard k-epsilon approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-604
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995


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