Predictions of impacting sonic and supersonic jets

Peter Stewart Cumber, M Fairweather, S A E G Falle, J R Giddings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


A mathematical model of sonic and supersonic jets, validated previously by the present authors for the prediction of moderately and highly underexpanded free jets, is used to simulate the nearfield structure of jets which impact a flat surface orthogonally, and its accuracy assessed by comparing model predictions with experimental data available in the literature. For impacting, moderately underexpanded jets, results derived from the model are found to be in close agreement with data on the location of both free jet shocks, and the stand-off shock formed adjacent to the impacted surface. In addition, the model provides reasonable estimates of density within the free jet and stagnation regions of such flows, with the existence, or otherwise, of stagnation bubbles being successfully predicted. Measurements of pressure occurring on the surface of the impacted plate, produced by the impingement of both sonic and supersonic jets, are also predicted with reasonable accuracy, although the decaying amplitude of spatially periodic pressure oscillations within the wall jet region of these flows is slightly overpredicted in some cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997


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