The UNIFAC group-contribution model is used to predict the critical micelle concentration (cmc) of nonionic surfactants in aqueous and nonaqueous solvents. For predicting the cmc, the phase-separation thermodynamic framework approach is used, where the micellar phase is approximated as a second liquid phase resulting from the liquid - liquid equilibrium between the solvent and the surfactant. The necessary activity coefficients are predicted by UNIFAC. The most promising UNIFAC model for this purpose was found to be the UNIFAC-Lyngby (Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1987, 26, 2274). To improve the results for surfactants containing oxyethylene chains, a new set of parameters was evaluated for this group, leading to still better cmc predictions for both water and organic solvents, as well as binary solvent systems.
|Number of pages
|Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
|Published - 16 May 2001