Prediction of corrosion-induced cover cracking in reinforced concrete structures

Leon Chernin, Dimitry Val

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    103 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Usually, the time of repair/replacement of reinforced concrete structures due to corrosion is controlled by cracking of the concrete cover. Thus, it is important to be able to predict with sufficient accuracy the time from corrosion initiation to crack formation in the concrete cover. The paper presents a critical overview of existing empirical, analytical and numerical models for predicting the time to corrosion-induced cover cracking. A simple nonlinear finite element (FE) is then formulated and validated. The FE model is employed to investigate inaccuracies of analytical models arising due to simplified formulation of the nonlinear behaviour of concrete and inability to account for actual location of corroding reinforcing bars. Recommendations on the applicability of analytical models are provided. Finally, the FE model is used to estimate the amount of corrosion products penetrating into concrete pores and microcracks since this amount is an essential parameter for analytical and numerical models. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1854-1869
    Number of pages16
    JournalConstruction and Building Materials
    Volume25
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

    Keywords

    • Analytical models
    • Concrete
    • Corrosion
    • Cracking
    • Delamination
    • Empirical models
    • Finite element model
    • Reinforcing steel

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