Predicting the thermodynamic properties of experimental mixed-solvent electrolyte systems using the SAFT-VR+DE equation of state

Gaurav Das, M. Carolina dos Ramos, Clare McCabe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We apply the SAFT-VR+DE equation of state to the study of experimental mixed-solvent electrolyte solutions. In the non-primitive model based SAFT-VR+DE approach (Zhao et al., JCP 2007, 126, 244503) the ions are considered fully dissociated within the solvent that is explicitly treated within the model and the theoretical framework. Typically in the study of electrolyte systems the simpler primitive model is used, which requires knowledge of the experimental dielectric constant. With the non-primitive model the dielectric constant is calculated as part of the theory, which is a particularly attractive feature in the study of mixed-solvent electrolyte systems as data for the experimental dielectric constant of such systems is more scarce. Here for the first time as far as the authors are aware, a non-primitive based equation of state has been used for the study of mixed-solvent electrolytes. The solvents considered (water, methanol and ethanol) are modeled using the SAFT-VR+D approach (Zhao et al., JCP 2007, 127, 084514; Zhao et al., JCP 2006, 125, 104504) in which the contribution of the dipole to the thermodynamics and structure of the fluid are explicitly accounted for. The theory is found to accurately predict the vapor-liquid equilibrium, as well as dielectric properties of the salt free alcohol-water mixtures both at room and elevated temperatures. Ternary mixtures of salt/water/alcohol are then studied using the SAFT-VR+DE parameters for the salts determined in earlier work (Das et al., AIChE Journal 2015, 61, 3053-3072) and a cation-alcohol unlike dispersive energy parameter obtained by fitting to mean ionic activity coefficient data at room temperature and pressure. Thus, with only one adjustable parameter, a predictive SAFT-VR+DE equation to study mixed-solvent electrolyte systems is developed. The SAFT-VR+DE predictions are found to be in good quantitative agreement with mean ionic activity coefficient data for several mixed-solvent electrolyte systems over a wide range of molalities and different solvent ratios. The model is parameterized to allow the molecular level interactions between different cations and the surrounding solvent molecules to be explored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-118
Number of pages14
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume460
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Electrolyte solutions
  • eSAFT
  • Mixed solvent
  • Phase equilibrium
  • SAFT-VR+DE
  • Statistical mechanics
  • Thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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