Predicting the mean and RMS fields in subsonic hydrogen jet fires

Peter S. Cumber, Owin Onokpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper two modelling approaches for predicting the mean and root mean squared (RMS) fields of turbulent hydrogen jet fires are evaluated. This is of interest if the turbulence-radiation interaction in such jets is to be modelled rigorously. One of the modelling strategies is based on calculating the variance of the fields of interest from a prescribed probability density function (PDF) and the second is to solve a modelled transport equation for field variances. In addition three different PDFs are considered: a beta PDF, a clipped Gaussian PDF and a truncated Gaussian PDF. The different modelling strategies are evaluated using a number of experimental jet fires taken from the open literature. The conclusions of the study are the PDF approach for predicting the RMS fields are superior to solving a transport equation for the variance of the field variables of interest. Of the PDFs considered the beta PDF and truncated Gaussian PDF give similar predictions of the jet fire structure being more accurate than the clipped Gaussian PDF. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-34
Number of pages13
JournalFire Safety Journal
Issue numbern/a
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • Hydrogen jet fire
  • RMS temperature field
  • Turbulence–radiation interaction


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