Potentiality of small wind turbines along highway in Malaysia

A. A. Al-Aqel, B. K. Lim, E. E. Mohd Noor, Tze Chuen Yap, S. A. Alkaff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Vehicle-induced turbulent airflow by the traffic in the highways is one of the sources of wind energy which can be harvested to supply the power to the highway lighting and telecommunication signaling. This work focuses on the assessment of potentiality of implementing small scale wind turbines along the highways in Malaysia. The study was started by conducting wind speed measurements adjacent to the highway at Lebuh SPA (Sungai Udang - Paya Rumput - Ayer Keroh Highway), a major highway in Malacca state, Malaysia. Three positional parameters have been investigated for suitable placement of the wind turbines. They are: the lateral distances from the road shoulder, the heights from the ground, and the orientation of the wind turbines relatives to the road. The former two parameters were set at 0.5 m, 1.0 m and 1.5 m for each position; while the latter was varied at perpendicular, 45°, and parallel to the road. The measurements were conducted using hot-wire anemometers. The results showed that the optimum positions for the wind turbine is at 1.0 m from the lateral distance and the height above the ground, respectively, and the optimum orientation is found to be 45° from the road at which the horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) can be directed. The large size vehicles such as lorries and busses were observed to produce higher wind speed as compared to the smaller ones. The results were further verified by using numerical simulation work through ANSYS Fluent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS)
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Electronic)9781509062058
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2017
Event2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences, ICORAS 2016 - Melaka, Malaysia
Duration: 5 Nov 20166 Nov 2016

Conference

Conference2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences, ICORAS 2016
CountryMalaysia
CityMelaka
Period5/11/166/11/16

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Wind turbines
Anemometers
Wind power
Telecommunication
Electric Power Supplies
Telecommunications
Lighting
Wire
Motor Vehicles
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • HAWT
  • Small Wind Turbines
  • VAWT
  • Vehicle-induced Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Al-Aqel, A. A., Lim, B. K., Noor, E. E. M., Yap, T. C., & Alkaff, S. A. (2017). Potentiality of small wind turbines along highway in Malaysia. In 2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS) [7872634] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORAS.2016.7872634
Al-Aqel, A. A. ; Lim, B. K. ; Noor, E. E. Mohd ; Yap, Tze Chuen ; Alkaff, S. A. / Potentiality of small wind turbines along highway in Malaysia. 2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS). IEEE, 2017.
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Al-Aqel, AA, Lim, BK, Noor, EEM, Yap, TC & Alkaff, SA 2017, Potentiality of small wind turbines along highway in Malaysia. in 2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS)., 7872634, IEEE, 2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences, ICORAS 2016, Melaka, Malaysia, 5/11/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORAS.2016.7872634

Potentiality of small wind turbines along highway in Malaysia. / Al-Aqel, A. A.; Lim, B. K.; Noor, E. E. Mohd; Yap, Tze Chuen; Alkaff, S. A.

2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS). IEEE, 2017. 7872634.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Potentiality of small wind turbines along highway in Malaysia

AU - Al-Aqel, A. A.

AU - Lim, B. K.

AU - Noor, E. E. Mohd

AU - Yap, Tze Chuen

AU - Alkaff, S. A.

PY - 2017/3/9

Y1 - 2017/3/9

N2 - Vehicle-induced turbulent airflow by the traffic in the highways is one of the sources of wind energy which can be harvested to supply the power to the highway lighting and telecommunication signaling. This work focuses on the assessment of potentiality of implementing small scale wind turbines along the highways in Malaysia. The study was started by conducting wind speed measurements adjacent to the highway at Lebuh SPA (Sungai Udang - Paya Rumput - Ayer Keroh Highway), a major highway in Malacca state, Malaysia. Three positional parameters have been investigated for suitable placement of the wind turbines. They are: the lateral distances from the road shoulder, the heights from the ground, and the orientation of the wind turbines relatives to the road. The former two parameters were set at 0.5 m, 1.0 m and 1.5 m for each position; while the latter was varied at perpendicular, 45°, and parallel to the road. The measurements were conducted using hot-wire anemometers. The results showed that the optimum positions for the wind turbine is at 1.0 m from the lateral distance and the height above the ground, respectively, and the optimum orientation is found to be 45° from the road at which the horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) can be directed. The large size vehicles such as lorries and busses were observed to produce higher wind speed as compared to the smaller ones. The results were further verified by using numerical simulation work through ANSYS Fluent.

AB - Vehicle-induced turbulent airflow by the traffic in the highways is one of the sources of wind energy which can be harvested to supply the power to the highway lighting and telecommunication signaling. This work focuses on the assessment of potentiality of implementing small scale wind turbines along the highways in Malaysia. The study was started by conducting wind speed measurements adjacent to the highway at Lebuh SPA (Sungai Udang - Paya Rumput - Ayer Keroh Highway), a major highway in Malacca state, Malaysia. Three positional parameters have been investigated for suitable placement of the wind turbines. They are: the lateral distances from the road shoulder, the heights from the ground, and the orientation of the wind turbines relatives to the road. The former two parameters were set at 0.5 m, 1.0 m and 1.5 m for each position; while the latter was varied at perpendicular, 45°, and parallel to the road. The measurements were conducted using hot-wire anemometers. The results showed that the optimum positions for the wind turbine is at 1.0 m from the lateral distance and the height above the ground, respectively, and the optimum orientation is found to be 45° from the road at which the horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) can be directed. The large size vehicles such as lorries and busses were observed to produce higher wind speed as compared to the smaller ones. The results were further verified by using numerical simulation work through ANSYS Fluent.

KW - HAWT

KW - Small Wind Turbines

KW - VAWT

KW - Vehicle-induced Turbulence

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U2 - 10.1109/ICORAS.2016.7872634

DO - 10.1109/ICORAS.2016.7872634

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - 2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS)

PB - IEEE

ER -

Al-Aqel AA, Lim BK, Noor EEM, Yap TC, Alkaff SA. Potentiality of small wind turbines along highway in Malaysia. In 2016 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS). IEEE. 2017. 7872634 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORAS.2016.7872634