Potential impact of production chemicals on the toxicity of produced water discharges from North Sea oil platforms

S. B. Henderson, S. J W Grigson, P. Johnson, B. D. Roddie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Production chemicals are used on offshore oil production platforms to prevent corrosion and scale formation, and to assist oil-water separation. A proportion of these chemicals may enter the marine environment via the produced water discharge. This study investigated the potential impact of 11 oilfield production chemicals on the toxicity of the produced water discharge. The Microtox® system was used for toxicity assessment of the chemicals, both directly in aqueous preparations and following their partitioning between oil (crude and low toxicity mineral base oil) and North Sea brine. For the majority of the chemicals tested, the toxicity of the aqueous phase to the test organism following partitioning against crude oil, was not significantly altered by the presence of process chemicals when used in their normal field dosage concentrations. However, there was evidence that certain chemicals could increase the partitioning of oil components into the aqueous phase by an order of magnitude, when applied at high dosage concentrations. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141-1151
Number of pages11
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999

Keywords

  • Microtox
  • Oil-water partitioning
  • Oilfield
  • Produced water
  • Production chemicals
  • Toxicity

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