Porous Elastomer based Wide Range Flexible Pressure Sensor for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

Ensieh S. Hosseini, Moupali Chakraborty, Joshua Roe, Yvan Petillot, Ravinder Dahiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


This work presents the design and implementation of a porous polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based wide-range flexible pressure sensor for autonomous underwater vehicles. The capacitive sensor, with porous PDMS as dielectric, is encapsulated in bulk PDMS polymer. The fabricated sensor was evaluated over a wide pressure range (0-230 kPa), which is similar to pressures experienced up to approx. 23 m below the sea level. The sensors showed linear response when tested in air and near-linear response (98%) when submerged in water. The sensor showed much higher sensitivity (0.375 kPa-1) in water than in the air environment. However, the sensor exhibited the performance and sensitivity similar to the air condition (0.005 kPa-1) when the readout electronics (encapsulated inside a watertight enclosure) was also submerged inside the water along with the sensor. The fabricated sensor also exhibited fast response and recovery time (190 ms), as well as excellent repeatability and stability (no drift) over tested range of 50 loading and unloading cycles. These results demonstrate the suitability of presented sensors for potential use in applications requiring a wide range of pressure, particularly the underwater robotics where real-time pressure monitoring is critical for autonomous operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9914-9921
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number10
Early online date11 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2022


  • Capacitive pressure sensor
  • Flexible electronics
  • Microstructure dielectric
  • Robotics
  • Wide-range pressure sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Porous Elastomer based Wide Range Flexible Pressure Sensor for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this