Pore scale modeling and evaluation of clogging behavior of salt crystal aggregates in CO2-rich phase during carbon storage

Mohammad Masoudi, Hossein Fazeli, Rohaldin Miri, Helge Hellevang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


The optimal CO2 storage operation requires high permeability in the near-well region in order to keep it safe and cost-efficient. Nucleation and growth of salt crystals driven by the evaporation of formation water into under-saturated (dry) super-critical CO2 streams result in the changes in porosity and permeability of the near well-bore area. Permeability reduction is one of the main reasons for injectivity losses in the context of CO2 storage in saline aquifers. According to recent studies, during CO2 storage, salt crystals grow in two different forms: 1) single, large crystals in the aqueous phase, and 2) aggregates of micro-meter size salt crystals in the CO2-rich vapor phase. All previous numerical studies at pore-scale have addressed the formation of single, large crystals in the aqueous phase. In this work we have developed a 3D pore-scale reactive transport solver based on a D3Q19 advection-diffusion Lattice-Boltzmann model. The model takes for the first time salt nucleation into consideration via a new probabilistic approach to simulate the formation of micro-meter size salt crystal aggregates in the CO2-rich phase and their effect on changes in pore morphology and permeability. Comparing the results of porosity-permeability relations with some of the well-known clogging models, confirms the need for a new clogging model to capture the permeability reduction caused by salt aggregates.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103475
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Early online date4 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • CO Storage
  • Clogging model
  • Lattice Boltzmann method
  • Mineral precipitation
  • Nucleation and growth
  • Porosity-permeability relations
  • Probabilistic nucleation
  • Reactive transport modeling
  • Salt aggregation
  • Salt self-enhancing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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