Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil biochronology at IODP Site U1385 (Expedition 339)

Barbara Balestra, Jose-Abel Flores, David Hodell, F. Javier Hernández-Molina, Dorrik Stow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 339, Site U1385 (37°34′N, 10°7′W, 2578 m below sea level) was drilled in the lower slope of the Portuguese margin, to provide a marine reference section of Pleistocene millennial-scale climate variability. Five holes were cored using the Advanced Piston Corer (APC) to a depth of ~ 151 m below sea floor (mbsf) recovering a continuous stratigraphic record covering the past 1.4 Ma. Here we present results of the succession of standard and unconventional calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphic events. The quantitative study of calcareous nannofossils showed well-preserved and abundant assemblages throughout the core. Most conventional Pleistocene events were recognized and the timing of bioevents were calibrated using correlation to the new oxygen isotope stratigraphy record developed for the Site U1385. The analyses provide further data on the stratigraphic distribution of selected species and genera, such as the large Emiliania huxleyi (> 4 μm), Gephyrocapsa caribbeanica, Helicosphaera inversa, Gephyrocapsa omega and Reticulofenestra asanoi (> 6 μm and other circular–subcircular small), resulting in new insights about the environmental control of their stratigraphic patterns. Finally, the comparison between nannofossil datums and oxygen isotope stratigraphy on the same samples has resulted in an accurate revision of timing of the events, providing high biochronologic information.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalGlobal and Planetary Change
Volume135
Early online date23 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Calcareous nannofossil bioevents
  • Environmental control
  • Paleoceanographic implications
  • Pleistocene

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