Plasma modification of textiles: understanding the mechanisms involved

Martin R. S. McCoustra, Robert Rhodes Mather

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Abstract

Plasma treatments are acquiring growing commercial recognition as a highly practical means of altering the surface properties of textiles without detriment to their bulk properties. It is clearly desirable that processing conditions are formulated as accurately as possible, so that fewer trials are required to achieve a desired outcome. We discuss how better formulation is achievable from a clearer understanding of the mechanisms comprising the plasma process. This improved understanding comes from not only analysing surface chemical and topographical changes resulting from a plasma treatment, but also monitoring key processes taking place during the treatment. Furthermore, we highlight the application of computational approaches, statistical experimental design and process control as supporting tools and highlight the role that artificial intelligence may play in the future. We also consider three specific plasma treatments of textiles and propose how examples of these approaches extracted from the literature may be combined, to achieve more realistic formulations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-229
Number of pages45
JournalTextile Progress
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Textiles
Plasmas
Design of experiments
Artificial intelligence
Surface properties
Process control
Monitoring
Processing

Keywords

  • Langmuir probe
  • Plasma
  • computer modelling
  • fibre
  • microscopy
  • process control
  • spectroscopy
  • statistical experimental design
  • surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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Plasma modification of textiles: understanding the mechanisms involved. / McCoustra, Martin R. S.; Mather, Robert Rhodes.

In: Textile Progress, Vol. 50, No. 4, 21.08.2019, p. 185-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

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