Plasma modification of Kevlar fabrics for ballistic applications

Danmei Sun, Xiaogang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Currently used high performance fibre materials for soft body armour have very low surface friction and this has become an issue in the effectiveness of ballistic energy absorption. In this study, Non-polymerising reactive plasma gas N2 and chemical vapour (CH3)2Cl2Si were employed to modify Kevlar fabric surface for the application of ballistic impact material. SEM observations yield information about the surface effect of the fabrics after plasma treatment. The surface morphology of the treated fabrics was studied. EDX (Energy Dispersive X-ray) analysis was used to analyse the surface chemical properties of the treated samples. Yarn pulling out test shows that the resistance to pull out a yarn from N2 and (CH3)2Cl2Si plasma treated fabric is increased 18% and 300% respectively, compared to the untreated Kevlar fabric. FE simulation results revealed that fabric with higher surface coefficient of friction performs better in ballistic energy absorption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1928-1934
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number18
Early online date11 Jul 2012
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2012


  • Kevlar
  • mechanical property
  • EDX
  • SEM
  • Plasma treatment
  • surface modification
  • Fabric


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