Plasma enhanced CVD of materials for energy convertors: nano-silicon for solar cells and nano-diamond for fusion reactors

John Ivor Barrett Wilson, Samuele Porro, Phillip John, Isaela Villalpando de la Torre, H Lind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our plasma materials research has been a significant influence in developing microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (MPECVD) of diamond and in a similar process for nanocrystalline silicon. These contrasting materials will be presented, together with techniques for determining their structure and quality, including X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman Spectroscopy. For instance, Raman spectra clearly show the dependence on deposition parameters of the crystallinity of MPECVD Si films deposited at temperatures below 200 degrees C on to glass, aluminium and polyester. By using mixtures of silane with argon and/or hydrogen, these films are designed to have amorphous or nanocrystallinc structure. Photosensitive P-I-N diodes have been produced on conductor-coated, polyester fabric as a step towards manufacturing flexible solar cells on textiles.

In contrast, the higher temperature synthesis of diamond and its unique properties (e.g. resistance to high heat flux and chemical erosion) has led to the first experiments on microcrystalline and nanocrystalline CVD diamond as a candidate coating for plasma-facing components in tokamaks. Our exposure results show that diamond coatings do not delaminate, undergo only slight surface amorphisation, retain only small amounts of deuterium in the surface and erode in hydrogen or deuterium plasma similar to 40% slower than graphite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalRomanian Journal of Physics
Volume56
Issue numbersupplement
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event15th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Applications - Iasi, Romania
Duration: 1 Jul 20104 Jul 2010

Cite this

Wilson, John Ivor Barrett ; Porro, Samuele ; John, Phillip ; Villalpando de la Torre, Isaela ; Lind, H. / Plasma enhanced CVD of materials for energy convertors : nano-silicon for solar cells and nano-diamond for fusion reactors. In: Romanian Journal of Physics. 2011 ; Vol. 56, No. supplement. pp. 15-22.
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abstract = "Our plasma materials research has been a significant influence in developing microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (MPECVD) of diamond and in a similar process for nanocrystalline silicon. These contrasting materials will be presented, together with techniques for determining their structure and quality, including X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman Spectroscopy. For instance, Raman spectra clearly show the dependence on deposition parameters of the crystallinity of MPECVD Si films deposited at temperatures below 200 degrees C on to glass, aluminium and polyester. By using mixtures of silane with argon and/or hydrogen, these films are designed to have amorphous or nanocrystallinc structure. Photosensitive P-I-N diodes have been produced on conductor-coated, polyester fabric as a step towards manufacturing flexible solar cells on textiles.In contrast, the higher temperature synthesis of diamond and its unique properties (e.g. resistance to high heat flux and chemical erosion) has led to the first experiments on microcrystalline and nanocrystalline CVD diamond as a candidate coating for plasma-facing components in tokamaks. Our exposure results show that diamond coatings do not delaminate, undergo only slight surface amorphisation, retain only small amounts of deuterium in the surface and erode in hydrogen or deuterium plasma similar to 40{\%} slower than graphite.",
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Wilson, JIB, Porro, S, John, P, Villalpando de la Torre, I & Lind, H 2011, 'Plasma enhanced CVD of materials for energy convertors: nano-silicon for solar cells and nano-diamond for fusion reactors', Romanian Journal of Physics, vol. 56, no. supplement, pp. 15-22.

Plasma enhanced CVD of materials for energy convertors : nano-silicon for solar cells and nano-diamond for fusion reactors. / Wilson, John Ivor Barrett; Porro, Samuele; John, Phillip; Villalpando de la Torre, Isaela; Lind, H.

In: Romanian Journal of Physics, Vol. 56, No. supplement, 2011, p. 15-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Villalpando de la Torre, Isaela

AU - Lind, H

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AB - Our plasma materials research has been a significant influence in developing microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (MPECVD) of diamond and in a similar process for nanocrystalline silicon. These contrasting materials will be presented, together with techniques for determining their structure and quality, including X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman Spectroscopy. For instance, Raman spectra clearly show the dependence on deposition parameters of the crystallinity of MPECVD Si films deposited at temperatures below 200 degrees C on to glass, aluminium and polyester. By using mixtures of silane with argon and/or hydrogen, these films are designed to have amorphous or nanocrystallinc structure. Photosensitive P-I-N diodes have been produced on conductor-coated, polyester fabric as a step towards manufacturing flexible solar cells on textiles.In contrast, the higher temperature synthesis of diamond and its unique properties (e.g. resistance to high heat flux and chemical erosion) has led to the first experiments on microcrystalline and nanocrystalline CVD diamond as a candidate coating for plasma-facing components in tokamaks. Our exposure results show that diamond coatings do not delaminate, undergo only slight surface amorphisation, retain only small amounts of deuterium in the surface and erode in hydrogen or deuterium plasma similar to 40% slower than graphite.

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