Pinch analysis approach to carbon-constrained planningfor sustainable power generation

Raymond R. Tan*, Denny Kok Sum Ng, Dominic Chwan Yee Foo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

132 Citations (Scopus)


A graphical pinch-based methodology for planning retrofits for carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the power generation sector is presented in this work. CCS is widely seen as one of the essential interim technologies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, while still being able to utilize fossil fuels, which are relatively inexpensive and reliable in comparison to inherently low-carbon renewable resources. However, retrofitting power plants for CCS entails major capital costs as well as a reduction of thermal efficiency and power output. Thus, it is essential for planning purposes to implement the minimal extent of CCS retrofit that meets the sectoral carbon footprint targets. At the same time, it is necessary to plan for additional power generation capacity or efficiency enhancements to compensate for energy losses resulting from CCS retrofits. The simple graphical approach used in this paper is designed to determine such targets, and shares the same intuitive, insight-driven characteristics of pinch analysis techniques. A case study is shown to illustrate the methodology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-944
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009


  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Carbon footprint
  • Clean electricity
  • Pinch analysis
  • Power sector planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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