Picosecond laser ablation of porcine sclera

Wojciech Stanisław Góra, Eleanor M Harvey, Baljean Dhillon, Simon H Parson, Robert Raimund Josef Maier, Duncan Paul Hand, Jonathan D Shephard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Lasers have been shown to be successful in certain medical procedures and they have been identified as potentially making a major contribution to the development of minimally invasive procedures. However, the uptake is not as widespread and there is scope for many other applications where laser devices may offer a significant advantage in comparison to the traditional surgical tools. The purpose of this research is to assess the potential of using a picosecond laser for minimally invasive laser sclerostomy.

Experiments were carried out on porcine scleral samples due to the comparable properties to human tissue. Samples were prepared with a 5mm diameter trephine and were stored in lactated Ringer's solution. After laser machining, the samples were fixed in 3% glutaraldehyde, then dried and investigated under SEM.

The laser used in the experiments is an industrial picosecond TRUMPF TruMicro laser operating at a wavelength of 1030nm, pulse length of 6ps, repetition rate of 1 kHz and a focused spot diameter of 30 mu m.

The laser beam was scanned across the samples with the use of a galvanometer scan head and various ablation patterns were investigated. Processing parameters (pulse energy, spot and line separation) which allow for the most efficient laser ablation of scleral tissue without introducing any collateral damage were investigated. The potential to create various shapes, such as linear incisions, square cavities and circular cavities was demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOphthalmic Technologies XXIII
EditorsFabrice Manns, Per G Söderberg, Arthur Ho
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-9336-1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventOphthalmic Technologies XXIII - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2 Feb 20133 Feb 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1996-756X
ISSN (Electronic)0277-786X


ConferenceOphthalmic Technologies XXIII
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
OtherPart of the SPIE Photonics West BiOS Meeting


  • picosecond laser
  • sclerostomy
  • porcine sclera


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