Photosynthesis and production of hydrogen peroxide by Symbiodinium (Pyrrhophyta) phylotypes with different thermal tolerances

David J. Suggett, Mark E. Warner, David J. Smith, Phillip Davey, Sebastian Hennige, Neil R. Baker

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    121 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Occurrences whereby cnidaria lose their symbiotic dinoflagellate microalgae (Symbiodinium spp.) are increasing in frequency and intensity. These so-called bleaching events are most often related to an increase in water temperature, which is thought to limit certain Symbiodinium phylotypes from effectively dissipating absorbed excitation energy that is otherwise used for photochemistry. Here, we examined photosynthetic characteristics and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) production, a possible signal involved in bleaching, from two Symbiodinium types (a thermally "tolerant" A1 and "sensitive" B1) representative of cnidaria-Symbiodinium symbioses of reef-building Caribbean corals. Under steady-state growth at 26 degrees C, a higher efficiency of PSII photochemistry, rate of electron turnover, and rate of O(2) production were observed for type A1 than for B1. The two types responded very differently to a period of elevated temperature (32 degrees C): type A1 increased light-driven O(2) consumption but not the amount of H(2)O(2) produced; in contrast, type B1 increased the amount of H(2)O(2) produced without an increase in light-driven O(2) consumption. Therefore, our results are consistent with previous suggestions that the thermal tolerance of Symbiodinium is related to adaptive constraints associated with photosynthesis and that sensitive phylotypes are more prone to H(2)O(2) production. Understanding these adaptive differences in the genus Symbiodinium will be crucial if we are to interpret the response of symbiotic associations, including reef-building corals, to environmental change.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)948-956
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Phycology
    Volume44
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

    Keywords

    • Mehler reaction
    • Symbiodinium
    • bleaching
    • reactive oxygen species
    • photosystem II
    • hydrogen peroxide
    • oxygen evolution

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