Photodesorption and Physical Properties of CO Ice as a Function of Temperature

Guillermo Muñoz Caro, Asper Chen, Sofia Aparicio, Antonio Jiménez-Escobar, Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Jerome Lasne, Martin R S McCoustra

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Abstract

Context. Ice photodesorption is the topic of recent studies aiming to interpret the abundances of gas phase molecules, in particular CO, toward cold interstellar regions. But little is known about the effect of the ice physical properties on the photodesorption rate. The linear decrease observed in the photodesorption rate as a function of increasing CO ice deposition temperature was provisionally attributed to a more compact CO ice structure.
Aims. The goal of this work is to monitor the physical properties of solid CO as a function of ice deposition temperature. Then, we evaluate the possible link between ice structure and ice photodesorption rate.
Methods. Infrared spectroscopy is an efficient tool to monitor the structural evolution of pure ices during warm-up or irradiation. The infrared absorption bands of molecular ice components observed toward various space environments allowed the detection of H2O, CO, CO2, CH3OH, NH3, etc. Typically, a pure ice composed of one of these species displays significant changes in their mid-infrared band profiles as a result of warm-up. But, at most, only very subtle changes appear in the narrow CO ice infrared absorption band
as the result of warm-up. We, therefore, also used vacuum-ultraviolet spectroscopy of CO ice to monitor the effect of temperature in the physical properties of the ice. Finally, temperature programmed desorption and photo-desorption experiments for different CO ice deposition temperatures were performed.
Results. Mid-infrared and vacuum-ultraviolet spectroscopy showed that warm-up of CO ice deposited at low temperature, 8 K, did not lead to structural changes. Only CO ice samples deposited at temperatures above 20 K displayed different spectroscopic properties compared to lower deposition temperatures. The observed gradual and linear drop in the photodesorption rate of CO ice, as a function of increasing ice deposition temperature in the 7 to 20 K range, is, therefore, not due to a gradual re-structuring toward a more compact and crystalline ice, which is only triggered above 20 K and increases for higher deposition temperatures.
Conclusions. We suggest that this decrease of the photodesorption rate is related to the disorder of CO dipole molecules within the amorphous or glassy state, which influences the necessary transfer of photon energy from the first excited molecule to the desorbing molecule on the ice surface. The photodesorption yield of CO deposited at 20 K is about four times lower than at 7 K. Dust models should adopt CO photodesorption yields that are compatible with the thermal history of the cloud.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA19
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume589
Early online date6 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

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    Muñoz Caro, G., Chen, A., Aparicio, S., Jiménez-Escobar, A., Rosu-Finsen, A., Lasne, J., & McCoustra, M. R. S. (2016). Photodesorption and Physical Properties of CO Ice as a Function of Temperature. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 589, [A19]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201628121