Photochemical substitution of amino- and hydroxy-anthraquinones

Kenneth Hamilton, John A. Hunter, Peter N. Preston, John O. Morley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Irradiation of 1-aminoanthraquinone with visible light in the presence of an excess of either sodium sulphite or sulphide in 50% aqueous pyridine gives exclusively sodium 1-aminoanthraquinone-2-sulphonate and -2-thiolate, respectively, in good yield. Under similar conditions with sodium sulphite, 1-methylamino-, 1-amino-4-chloro-, and 1-amino-5-chloro-anthraquinone give the respective sodium 2-sulphonate only, while 2-aminoanthraquinone gives the sodium 3-sulphonate. In contrast, 1-hydroxyanthraquinone gives a mixture of the sodium 2- and 4-sulphonates and disodium 2,4-disulphonates. The different substitution pattern observed for 1-amino- and 1-hydroxy-anthraquinone has been rationalised by application of semi-empirical molecular orbital theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1544-1548
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1980


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