Phonon-induced transition between entangled and nonentangled photon emission in constantly driven quantum-dot-cavity systems

T. Seidelmann, M. Cosacchi, M. Cygorek, D. E. Reiter, A. Vagov, V. M. Axt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Entangled photon pairs are essential for many applications in quantum technologies. Recent theoretical studies demonstrated that different types of entangled Bell states can be created in a constantly driven four-level quantum emitter-cavity system. Unlike other candidates for the realization of the four-level emitter, semiconductor quantum dots unavoidably interact with their environment, resulting in carrier-phonon interactions. Surprisingly, phonons change the entanglement of emitted photon pairs in a qualitative way, already at low temperatures on the order of 4 K. While one type of Bell state can still be generated using small driving strengths, the other type is suppressed due to phonon interactions in strongly confined quantum dots. The degree of entanglement decreases with rising temperature and driving strength until it vanishes at a certain parameter value. Because it remains zero afterward, we encounter a phonon-induced transition between entangled and nonentangled photon emission that resembles a phase transition. The transition occurs at temperatures below 30 K and, independent of the driving strength, the concurrence as a function of the reduced temperature is found to obey a power law with exponent one near the transition point.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075301
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume107
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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