Phase stability and thermoelectric properties of TiCoSb-TiM2Sn (M = Ni, Fe) Heusler composites

Maryana Asaad, J. Buckman, R. I. Smith, Jan-Willem G. Bos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Heusler composites have attracted significant attention as a new route towards improving the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) through reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity and carrier filtering effects. This work extends this field by investigating TiCoSb-TiM2Sn (M = Ni, Fe) composites. All end-members are stable phases but no clean segregation into half- and full-Heusler phases was observed. Instead, for M = Ni, partial substitution on the Co sublattice and n-type doping occurs, combined with the formation of Ni3Sn2 and full-Heusler phases. For M = Fe, substitution on the Co site occurs, leading to p-type conduction. Rietveld analysis of neutron powder diffraction data reveals no evidence for the presence of metals on the vacant tetrahedral site, signalling the absence of embedded Heusler inclusions. The thermoelectric properties of both series vary systematically with composition. For both n-type (M = Ni) and p-type (M = Fe) series, the highest measured power factors S2/ρ ∼ 0.8 mW m−1 K−2 leading to ZT ∼ 0.12 at 713 K. This work extends knowledge regarding the phase stability and thermoelectric properties of TiCoSb-based Heusler composites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume276
Early online date4 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Phase stability
composite materials
Composite materials
Substitution reactions
substitutes
Rietveld analysis
Neutron powder diffraction
figure of merit
sublattices
Thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
Metals
routes
Doping (additives)
inclusions
neutrons
conduction
Chemical analysis
diffraction
metals

Keywords

  • Half-Heusler alloys
  • Thermoelectric
  • TiCoSb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Phase stability and thermoelectric properties of TiCoSb-TiM2Sn (M = Ni, Fe) Heusler composites",
abstract = "Heusler composites have attracted significant attention as a new route towards improving the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) through reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity and carrier filtering effects. This work extends this field by investigating TiCoSb-TiM2Sn (M = Ni, Fe) composites. All end-members are stable phases but no clean segregation into half- and full-Heusler phases was observed. Instead, for M = Ni, partial substitution on the Co sublattice and n-type doping occurs, combined with the formation of Ni3Sn2 and full-Heusler phases. For M = Fe, substitution on the Co site occurs, leading to p-type conduction. Rietveld analysis of neutron powder diffraction data reveals no evidence for the presence of metals on the vacant tetrahedral site, signalling the absence of embedded Heusler inclusions. The thermoelectric properties of both series vary systematically with composition. For both n-type (M = Ni) and p-type (M = Fe) series, the highest measured power factors S2/ρ ∼ 0.8 mW m−1 K−2 leading to ZT ∼ 0.12 at 713 K. This work extends knowledge regarding the phase stability and thermoelectric properties of TiCoSb-based Heusler composites.",
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Phase stability and thermoelectric properties of TiCoSb-TiM2Sn (M = Ni, Fe) Heusler composites. / Asaad, Maryana; Buckman, J.; Smith, R. I.; Bos, Jan-Willem G.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 276, 08.2019, p. 181-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Heusler composites have attracted significant attention as a new route towards improving the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) through reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity and carrier filtering effects. This work extends this field by investigating TiCoSb-TiM2Sn (M = Ni, Fe) composites. All end-members are stable phases but no clean segregation into half- and full-Heusler phases was observed. Instead, for M = Ni, partial substitution on the Co sublattice and n-type doping occurs, combined with the formation of Ni3Sn2 and full-Heusler phases. For M = Fe, substitution on the Co site occurs, leading to p-type conduction. Rietveld analysis of neutron powder diffraction data reveals no evidence for the presence of metals on the vacant tetrahedral site, signalling the absence of embedded Heusler inclusions. The thermoelectric properties of both series vary systematically with composition. For both n-type (M = Ni) and p-type (M = Fe) series, the highest measured power factors S2/ρ ∼ 0.8 mW m−1 K−2 leading to ZT ∼ 0.12 at 713 K. This work extends knowledge regarding the phase stability and thermoelectric properties of TiCoSb-based Heusler composites.

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