Phase equilibria and solution thermodynamics in the ternary system, poly(acrylic acid)-dioxane-water

John M G Cowie, Brian Swinyard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The stability of solutions of poly(acrylic acid) in dioxane-water mixtures has been examined as a function of temperature and three phase boundaries have been located when water contents are less than 10 (wt/vol)%. These collapse into one boundary at higher water contents up to 25 (wt/vol)%. The cloud points have the characteristics of a quasi-LCST, a UCST, and an LCST, in order of increasing temperature, and this behaviour is comparable to the behaviour of poly(acrylic acid)-dioxane solutions. Measurements of the heat of dilution showed that this changes from being endothermic in dioxane solutions to exothermic in aqueous systems at temperatures below the quasi-LCST. Laser Raman spectra indicate the presence of hydrogen bonding between water and the polymer in the mixed solvent, which may explain the improved solvating power when water is added to dioxane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-114
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer International
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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carbopol 940
Ternary systems
Phase equilibria
Thermodynamics
Water
Water content
Water power
Phase boundaries
Temperature
Dilution
Raman scattering
Hydrogen bonds
Polymers
1,4-dioxane
Lasers

Cite this

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abstract = "The stability of solutions of poly(acrylic acid) in dioxane-water mixtures has been examined as a function of temperature and three phase boundaries have been located when water contents are less than 10 (wt/vol){\%}. These collapse into one boundary at higher water contents up to 25 (wt/vol){\%}. The cloud points have the characteristics of a quasi-LCST, a UCST, and an LCST, in order of increasing temperature, and this behaviour is comparable to the behaviour of poly(acrylic acid)-dioxane solutions. Measurements of the heat of dilution showed that this changes from being endothermic in dioxane solutions to exothermic in aqueous systems at temperatures below the quasi-LCST. Laser Raman spectra indicate the presence of hydrogen bonding between water and the polymer in the mixed solvent, which may explain the improved solvating power when water is added to dioxane.",
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Phase equilibria and solution thermodynamics in the ternary system, poly(acrylic acid)-dioxane-water. / Cowie, John M G; Swinyard, Brian.

In: Polymer International, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1991, p. 109-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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