The Mesozoic Monteregian alkaline province of southern Quebec includes mafic alnoite, monchiquite, basanite, camptonite, and alkali basalt dykes. Most carry phenocrysts of clinopyroxene that generally zone towards Ti-AlIV-Fe-Mn-rich and Mg-AlVI-Cr-poor rims. The zoning can best be explained through polybaric crystallization and differentiation during ascent from the upper mantle. Pyroxene phenocrysts in Monteregian mafic dykes commonly have green clinopyroxene cores that are richer in Na and Fe and pooer in Mg and Cr than the enclosing titansalite phenocrysts. Some cores are euhedral and sector zoned, implying crystallization from a melt more evolved than their present hosts. The high AlVI contents of these cores imply high pressures of crystallization. The abundance of crustal xenoliths and evolved pyroxene cores indicates that the host magmas hybridized with felsic melts, cumulates, or metasomatites within the crust or an anomalously Fe-Na-rich upper mantle. This imples that the host dykes are not primary magmas but hybrids. Consequently dyke chemistry cannot simply be inverted to determine the composition and mineralogy of the mantle source.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)