Petrology and pyroxene chemistry of Monteregian dykes: the origin of concentric zoning and green cores in clinopyroxenes from alkali basalts and lamprophyres

J. H. J. Bedard, D. M. Francis, J. Ludden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Mesozoic Monteregian alkaline province of southern Quebec includes mafic alnoite, monchiquite, basanite, camptonite, and alkali basalt dykes. Most carry phenocrysts of clinopyroxene that generally zone towards Ti-AlIV-Fe-Mn-rich and Mg-AlVI-Cr-poor rims. The zoning can best be explained through polybaric crystallization and differentiation during ascent from the upper mantle. Pyroxene phenocrysts in Monteregian mafic dykes commonly have green clinopyroxene cores that are richer in Na and Fe and pooer in Mg and Cr than the enclosing titansalite phenocrysts. Some cores are euhedral and sector zoned, implying crystallization from a melt more evolved than their present hosts. The high AlVI contents of these cores imply high pressures of crystallization. The abundance of crustal xenoliths and evolved pyroxene cores indicates that the host magmas hybridized with felsic melts, cumulates, or metasomatites within the crust or an anomalously Fe-Na-rich upper mantle. This imples that the host dykes are not primary magmas but hybrids. Consequently dyke chemistry cannot simply be inverted to determine the composition and mineralogy of the mantle source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2041-2058
Number of pages18
JournalCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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