Personalisable Ad-hoc Mobile Communication based on a Semantics-Rich Multi-Agent Framework for Large-Scale Emergency Responses

Yun-Heh Chen-Burger, Mohd Khairul Azmi Hassan

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Communication is at the heart of any emergency response and humanitarian relief mission. It facilitates information sharing, collaboration and teamwork. Formal emergency response and humanitarian relief organisations often use their own communication systems and protocols to achieve effective operations. However, the history has shown that members of the public who are within or nearby the disaster struck areas are often the true first responders, and sometimes the only responders for quite some time until the formal rescue teams’ arrival. During such early hours or even days of disaster, they would help each other and answer calls for help. Unfortunately, to our best knowledge, up-to-date, there is not a suitable communication system that is dedicated for personal use in such scenarios, inc. to identify calling for help, keep track of victim’s status, locate victims and provide the most suitable relief. To address this problem, following international emergency response principles, we proposed the Mobile Kit Disaster Assistant (MKDA) system that is based on smart phones and personalisable. MKDA is built upon an ontology-based formal framework that disaster relief and personal information are stored and used. It is a multi-agent system that utilises a newly devised formal Emergency Response Agent Communication Language and Protocol to ensure effective and reliable communication thereby enhance cooperation. This formal framework has been designed with the help of domain experts. The formal work and built system have been evaluated carefully by them and additional targeted user groups that have achieved highly desirable results.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2019
EventAAAI Fall Symposium 2019, USA: AI for Social Good - Westin Arlington Gateway, Arlington, Virginia, United States
Duration: 7 Nov 20199 Nov 2019


ConferenceAAAI Fall Symposium 2019, USA
Abbreviated titleFFS-19
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityArlington, Virginia
Internet address


  • Emergency Response,
  • Agent Communication Language and Protocol
  • Ontologies
  • Emergency Response Communication
  • Peer-to-peer communication
  • Personalised communication system


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