Performance and feasibility of using an integrated solar powered desalination system in United Arab Emirates

Fadi A. Ghaith, Ilaam K. Mehmood

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper addressees the technical and economic feasibility of using an integrated solar powered desalination system under the United Arab Emirates (UAE) weather conditions. The proposed system consists of the parabolic trough concentrator (PTC) as an evaporation unit and shell and tube heat exchanger as condensation unit. In this paper, the thermal model was derived for the PTC to predict the steam productivity. Also the heat exchanger was designed using HTRI Xchanger software. The performance of the system was simulated for typical summer and winter days in June and January, respectively. The daily fresh water productivity was estimated in June to be 214.5 kg/day and was 140.0 kg/day in January. A preheating effect was implemented to increase the fresh water productivity, due to which the fresh water productivity increased by 7.14% and 8.50% for the selected days in June and January respectively. Furthermore, a flushing mechanism was designed and implemented on the system to eliminate the salt accumulation in the absorber tube which proved to be efficient in maintaining the optimum productivity of the system. Finally, the feasibility study was conducted which showed that the payback period of the proposed system is about 6 years based on PTC area of 60m2.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2018 5th International Conference on Renewable Energy: Generation and Applications (ICREGA)
    Pages112-116
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-2251-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2018
    Event5th International Conference on Renewable Energy: Generation and Applications - United Arab Emirates, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Duration: 26 Feb 201828 Feb 2018
    Conference number: 5
    https://conferences.uaeu.ac.ae/icrega18/en/welcome.shtml

    Conference

    Conference5th International Conference on Renewable Energy: Generation and Applications
    Abbreviated titleICREGA 2018
    CountryUnited Arab Emirates
    CityAl Ain
    Period26/02/1828/02/18
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Desalination
    • PTC
    • Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger,
    • productivity

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  • Cite this

    Ghaith, F. A., & Mehmood, I. K. (2018). Performance and feasibility of using an integrated solar powered desalination system in United Arab Emirates. In 2018 5th International Conference on Renewable Energy: Generation and Applications (ICREGA) (pp. 112-116) https://doi.org/10.1109/ICREGA.2018.8337633