Pensionmetrics 2: Stochastic pension plan design during the distribution phase

David Blake, A. J G Cairns, Kevin Dowd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)


We consider the choices available to a defined contribution (DC) pension plan member at the time of retirement for conversion of his pension fund into a stream of retirement income. In particular, we compare the purchase at retirement age of a conventional life annuity (i.e., a bond-based investment) with distribution programmes involving differing exposures to equities during retirement. The residual fund at the time of the plan member's death can either be bequested to his estate or revert to the life office in exchange for the payment of survival credits while alive. The most important decision, in terms of cost to the plan member, is the level of equity investment. We also find that the optimal age to annuitise depends on the bequest utility and the investment performance of the fund during retirement. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-47
Number of pages19
JournalInsurance: Mathematics and Economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2003


  • Asset allocation
  • Defined contribution
  • Discounted utility
  • Income drawdown
  • Life annuity
  • Optimal annuitisation age
  • Stochastic pension plan design


Dive into the research topics of 'Pensionmetrics 2: Stochastic pension plan design during the distribution phase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this