Pathogenicity of Vibrio anguillarum serogroup O1 strains compared to plasmids, outer membrane protein profiles and siderophore production

K. Pedersen, L. Gram, D. A. Austin, B. Austin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The virulence of 18 strains of Vibrio anguillarum serogroup O1 was compared to plasmid content, expression of siderophores and outer membrane proteins. All strains, irrespective of plasmid content, produced siderophores and inducible outer membrane proteins under iron-limited conditions. Only strains that carried the 67 kbp virulence plasmid or derivatives of it produced the outer membrane protein, OM2. All virulent strains harboured the 67 kbp plasmid or derivatives of it, indicating its importance for virulence. However, some strains carrying the virulence plasmid or a derivative of it, produced siderophores as well as OM2 but were non-pathogenic to fish. Likewise, among the virulent strains, considerable variation in LD50 values was recorded. Plasmid profiling and restriction analysis showed that the virulence plasmid existed in various molecular weights from 26 to 80 kbp, with 65-67 kbp being the most common, and that this plasmid displayed various restriction profiles. The presence of other plasmids did not seem to affect the pathogenic properties.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)365-371
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
    Volume82
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1997

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