Two contrasting approaches for tracking multiple targets in multi-beam forward-looking sonar images are considered. The first approach is based on assigning a Kalman filter to each target and managing the measurements with gating and a measurement-to-track data association technique. The second approach uses the recently developed particle implementation of the multiple-target probability hypothesis density (PHD) filter and a target state estimate-to-track data association technique. The two approaches are implemented and compared on both simulated sonar and real forward-looking sonar data obtained from an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) and demonstrate that the PHD filter with data association compares well with traditional approaches for multiple target tracking. © 2007 IEEE.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2007|