Parametric investigation of three types of brick bonds for thermal performance in a hot arid climate zone

Khaled Tarabieh, Sherif Abdel Moh Sen, Yomna Elghazi, Rana El-Dabaa, Asmaa Hassan, Mariam Amer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)


Bricks are significant building elements that are heavily utilized, whether for structural or ornamental purposes. Nevertheless, little has been published on the relationship between brick bonding, shape, and extrusion, and the impact on energy performance. This paper investigates the impact of different brick bond types and projections on building energy using a custom algorithm. This investigation was conducted in two phases on 24 cases for a south façade. The first phase investigated three different brick bonds for their thermal performance: Running, English and Flemish bonds. The second phase involves parametric simulations to evaluate energy consumptions for three extrusion values [baseline "no extrusion", 1/4 brick extrusion, and 1/2 brick extrusion] and four different extrusion percentages (ranging from 15% to 60%). The first phase results show no significant differences in energy performance for the base case. The second phase results show that the performance achieved was 26% less than the base case. This was accomplished using the Flemish bond with either 30% wall area extruded with half brick length, or 60% bricks extruded with quarter brick length. The preliminary findings indicate a relationship between extrusion and energy performance. Further studies should include in-situ testing and investigation of patterns under different climatic zones.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference
EditorsLuisa Brotas, Sue Roaf, Fergus Nicol
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780992895754
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event33rd International on Passive and Low Energy Architecture Conference 2017: Design to Thrive - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 2 Jul 20175 Jul 2017


Conference33rd International on Passive and Low Energy Architecture Conference 2017
Abbreviated titlePLEA 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • Brick patterns
  • Energy simulation
  • Façade design
  • Parametric tools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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