Out-of-plane behaviour of masonry specimens strengthened with ECC under impact loading

Saeed Pourfalah, Demetrios M. Cotsovos, Benny Suryanto, Mojtaba Moatamedi

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The work described herein sets out to investigate experimentally (via drop-weight testing) the out-of-plane behaviour of beam-like masonry specimens under impact loading when strengthened with a thin layer of engineered cementitious composite (ECC). The subject prismatic specimens essentially consist of a stack of ten bricks connected with mortar joints which are subjected to four-point bending tests. The impact load is applied via a steel mass allowed to fall from a certain height (drop-weight test). Specimens are subjected to consecutive impact tests until their collapse. Each specimen is strengthened by applying a thin ECC layer to the lower face of the prism (acting in tension) or to both, upper and lower, faces (acting in compression and tension respectively).
These specimens are considered to provide a simplistic representation of a vertical strip of a masonry infill wall subjected to out-of-plane actions characterised by high loading rates and intensities (associated with impact and
blast problems). The drop-weight tests reveal that the proposed strengthening method successfully increases the load-carrying capacity of the subject specimens compared to that observed under equivalent static testing, allowing
them to absorb more effectively the energy introduced during impact without the production of debris. Nevertheless, it is important to mention that the behaviour exhibited by the ECC layer during impact testing is characterised by the formation of more localised and wider cracks compared to the fine distribution cracks observed when the same specimens are subjected to equivalent static testing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002-1018
Number of pages17
JournalEngineering Structures
Early online date20 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2018


  • Engineered cementitious composite
  • Masonry
  • Out-of-plane behaviour
  • Retrofitting
  • Failure mode
  • Impact loading
  • Dynamic response
  • Drop-weight testing
  • Loading rate
  • Strain rate


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