Oscillation and interlacing for various spectra of the p-Laplacian

Paul A. Binding, Bryan P. Rynne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider the eigenvalue problem - ?p u = (? r - q) | u |p - 1 sgn u, a.e. on (0, b), where b > 0, p > 1, ?p is the p-Laplacian, q, r ? L1 (0, b), r > 0, and ? ? R. A variety of boundary conditions will be imposed at 0 and b, but the main focus is on Dirichlet, Neumann and periodic/anti-periodic conditions. In the linear case p = 2 there are well known oscillation and interlacing results for the eigenvalues of the above problem, with these boundary conditions, and we explore similarities and differences between this case and the nonlinear case with p ? 2. We will see that several new phenomena occur in the periodic/anti-periodic problems. For example, with separated boundary conditions the structure of the spectrum when p ? 2 is the same as when p = 2, but this is not true in the periodic/anti-periodic cases. We also consider the set of 'half-eigenvalues' and the 'Fucík spectrum' of the problem (these concepts are useful for solving 'jumping nonlinearity' problems), and we show that new phenomena also appear here, in addition to analogues of those occurring for the (usual) eigenvalues. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2780-2791
Number of pages12
JournalNonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications
Volume71
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Eigenvalues
  • p-Laplacian
  • Separated and periodic boundary conditions

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