Ordered-defect sulfides as thermoelectric materials

Andreas Kaltzoglou, Paz Vaqueiro, Tristan Barbier, Emmanuel Guilmeau, Anthony V. Powell

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermoelectric behavior of the transition-metal disulfides n-type NiCr2S4 and p-type CuCrS2 has been investigated. Materials prepared by high-temperature reaction were consolidated using cold-pressing and sintering, hot-pressing in graphite dies or spark-plasma sintering in tungsten carbide dies. The consolidation conditions have a marked influence on the electrical transport properties. In addition to the effect on sample density, altering the consolidation conditions results in changes to the sample composition, including the formation of impurity phases. Maximum room-temperature power factors were 0.18 mW m(-1) K-2 and 0.09 mW m(-1) K-2 for NiCr2S4 and CuCrS2, respectively. Thermal conductivities of ca. 1.4 W m(-1) K-1 and 1.2 W m(-1) K-1 lead to figures of merit of 0.024 and 0.023 for NiCr2S4 and CuCrS2, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2029-2034
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Thermoelectric properties
  • transition-metal sulfides
  • hot-pressing
  • spark plasma sintering
  • consolidation methods
  • ANTIFERROMAGNET CUCRS2
  • PHASE-TRANSFORMATIONS
  • NEUTRON-DIFFRACTION
  • NICR2S4
  • DISORDER

Cite this

Kaltzoglou, A., Vaqueiro, P., Barbier, T., Guilmeau, E., & Powell, A. V. (2014). Ordered-defect sulfides as thermoelectric materials. Journal of Electronic Materials, 43(6), 2029-2034. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-013-2941-0