Optimizing dual-band antenna efficiency: Ridge width parametric study of quad ridge horn antennas

Mohd Azlishah Othman*, Nur Saqirah Adnan, Mohamad Harris Misran, Maizatul Alice Meor Said, Nurmala Irdawaty Hassan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this project was to develop a quad ridged horn antenna for a GSM and mid band 5G application, capable of dual frequency range operation at 1.8 GHz and 3.5 GHz. The antenna was constructed using 3D printing technology and Polylactic Acid (PLA), a thermoplastic polymer known for its high strength and compatibility with 3D printing processes. The impact of varying ridge width dimensions on the antenna's performance was evaluated using a range of parametric techniques. Ridge widths of 10 mm, 13.5 mm, and 17 mm were analysed to assess the effects of dimension alterations. Results demonstrated that the antenna is capable of dual band frequency operation with signal reflections of -16.89 dB and -28.60 dB at 1.8 GHz and 3.5 GHz, respectively. This research contributes to the development of efficient and cost-effective antennas for wireless communication applications in the GSM and mid band 5G spectrum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1787-1791
Number of pages5
JournalARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2023


  • 3D printed antenna
  • global system for mobile communications
  • horn antennas
  • mid band 5G
  • quad ridge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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