Optimization of fluorinated wettability modifiers for gas-condensate carbonate reservoirs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Significant reduction in well productivity of gas-condensate reservoirs occurs owing to reduced gas mobility arising from the presence of condensate/water liquid phases around the wellbore.

As wettability modifiers, fluorinated chemicals are capable of delivering a good level of oil and water repellency to the rock surface, making it intermediate gas-wet and alleviating such liquid blockage.

The main objective of this experimental work has been to propose an effective chemical treatment process for carbonate rocks, which have received much less attention in comparison to sandstone rocks. Screening tests, including contact angle measurements and compatibility tests with brine, were performed using mainly anionic and nonionic fluorosurfactants. On positively charged carbonate surfaces the anionic chemicals were sufficiently effective to repel the liquid phase, whilst the nonionic chemicals showed an excellent stability in brine media. A new approach of combining anionic and nonionic chemical agents is proposed, to benefit from these two positive features of an integrated chemical solution.

A number of low and high permeability carbonate cores have been successfully treated using chemicals selected through screening tests. Optimization of solvent composition and filtration of the solution before injecting chemicals into the core proved very effective in reducing/eliminating the risk of possible permeability damage due to deposition of large chemical aggregates on the rock surface. The chemical solution optimized in this study can be applied as an efficient wettability modifier for mitigating the negative impact of condensate/water banking in carbonate gas-condensate reservoirs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPE Europec/EAGE Annual Conference
Subtitle of host publication4-7 June, Copenhagen, Denmark
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9781613992043
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
EventSPE Europec/EAGE Annual Conference - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 4 Jun 20127 Jun 2012


ConferenceSPE Europec/EAGE Annual Conference


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