Optimal Placement of Near Ground VHF/UHF Radio Communication Network as a Multi Objective Problem

Hisham A. Shehadeh, Mohd Yamani Idna Idris*, Ismail Ahmedy, Hani Ragab Hassen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra high frequency (UHF) and very high frequency (VHF) bands are widely used with near ground applications especially for communication purposes. However, due to the limited antenna height, the VHF/UHF signals are very sensitive to the surroundings. The signal may attenuate, fade or loss depending on the condition of the environment. Therefore, it is a challenging task to find the optimal values for network topology planning. In this paper, three multi-objective algorithms namely NSGA-II, SPEA-II and OMOPSO are considered to mitigate the problem. This paper also intends to maximize the electromagnetic fields and signal propagation. On the other hand, it intends to minimize path loss and signal attenuation. Different environment settings such as diverse foliage depth and tree trunk height are considered to evaluate the proposed model. From the experiments, it is shown that NSGA-II outperforms other algorithms. The experiment also shows that the optimal foliage depth between sender and receiver is less or equal to 2 km and the optimal tree trunk height is less or equal to 7 m.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1169–1197
Number of pages29
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Early online date17 Sept 2019
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • Evolutionary algorithms
  • Near ground network
  • Network modeling
  • Network planning
  • Optimality
  • Swarm intelligence algorithms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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