Off-resonant quantum Zeno and anti-Zeno effects on entanglement

Francesco Francica, Sabrina Maniscalco, Francesco Plastina

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We examine the appearance of Zeno and anti-Zeno effects (Misra and Sudarshan 1977 J. Math. Phys. 18 756; Kofman and Kurizki 2000 Nature 405 546; Kofman and Kurizki 1996 Phys. Rev. A 54 3750; Facchi et al 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 86 2699) in the entanglement dynamics of two qubits off-resonantly coupled to the same lossy cavity when the unitary evolution of the system is interrupted by repeated projective measurements. We describe in detail these quantum effects by comparing the measurement-induced coarse-grained dynamics to the entanglement evolution in the absence of measurements in several scenarios (Francica et al 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 032310). In particular, we examine the strong and weak coupling regimes, the role of the relative coupling strengths between the two qubits and the reservoir and the effect of the detuning from the main cavity frequency. We show that the anti-Zeno effect can occur in the entanglement dynamics when the qubit frequencies are detuned from the main reservoir frequency. Furthermore, we find that Zeno and anti-Zeno effects can even appear sequentially many times as a function of the interval between the measurements. Finally, we show that, in the off-resonant regime, we can preserve the entanglement using the quantum Zeno effect more efficiently than in the resonant limit (Maniscalco et al 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 090503), even if, in this case, no sub-radiant state exists.
Original languageEnglish
Article number014044
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue numberT140
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2010


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