Ocean resource use: building the coastal blue economy

Narissa Bax*, Camilla Novaglio, Kimberley H. Maxwell, Koen Meyers, Joy McCann, Sarah Jennings, Stewart Frusher, Elizabeth A. Fulton, Melissa Nursey-Bray, Mibu Fischer, Kelli Anderson, Cayne Layton, Gholam Reza Emad, Karen A. Alexander, Yannick Rousseau, Zau Lunn, Chris G. Carter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Humans have relied on coastal resources for centuries. However, current growth in population and increased accessibility of coastal resources through technology have resulted in overcrowded and often conflicted spaces. The recent global move towards development of national blue economy strategies further highlights the increased focus on coastal resources to address a broad range of blue growth industries. The need to manage sustainable development and future exploitation of both over-utilised and emergent coastal resources is both a political and environmental complexity. To address this complexity, we draw on the perspectives of a multi-disciplinary team, utilising two in depth exemplary case studies in New Zealand and within the Myanmar Delta Landscape, to showcase barriers, pathways and actions that facilitate a move from Business as Usual (BAU) to a future aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the UN International Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021–2030. We provide key recommendations to guide interest groups, and nations globally, towards sustainable utilisation, conservation and preservation of their marine environments in a fair and equitable way, and in collaboration with those who directly rely upon coastal ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-207
Number of pages19
JournalReviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
Issue number1
Early online date2 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Blue economy
  • Blue growth
  • Conflict resolution
  • Decade of the ocean
  • Equity
  • Marine Conservation
  • Multidisciplinary
  • Sovereignty
  • UN sustainable development goals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science


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