Waves, tidal currents, wind-driven and circulation currents, and sediment mobility were modelled for one full year over the storm-dominated Sable Island Bank (SIB), Scotian Shelf. The mean shear velocity of tidal current and that of the wind-driven and circulation current are less than 2 cm/s, but the peak mean wave and combined wave-current shear velocities reach 4 and 4.5 cm/s respectively. Comparison between the model-predicted shear velocity and bedload threshold suggests that the circulation and wind-driven currents cause minimum sediment mobility on SIB. Tidal current and waves can each cause sediment mobility at least once a year over 36% and 71% of the bank area respectively, while the combined wave-current shear can cause sediment mobility over 93% of the bank area. Calculated time percentages of sediment mobility caused by various processes indicate that wave or wave-dominant disturbance is most important and occurs over >50% of the bank area, while mixed disturbance is also significant and occurs over ~ 30% of the bank area. Tide or tide-dominant disturbance occurs over only 10% of the bank area. Several parameters are proposed as universal indices for quantifying seabed disturbance and sediment mobility for coastal and shelf environments.This distribution and mobility of various mid-sized bedforms were correlated with the seabed disturbance parameters. Updated bedform distribution was compared with seabed disturbances predictions to define seven bedform zones on SIB.
|Type||Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 6155|
|Media of output||paper; on-line; digital|
|Publisher||Geological Survey of Canada. Open File 6155|
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Sept 2009|