Novel one step preparation of silica supported Pd/Sr and Pd/Ba catalysts via an organometallic precursor: Application in hydrodechlorination and hydrogenation

Errun Ding, Satyakrishna Jujjuri, Matthew Sturgeon, Sheldon G. Shore, Mark A. Keane

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A gas phase hydrodechlorination (HDC) of chlorobenzene (CB) and 1,2-dichlorobenzene (1,2-DCB) has been examined over Pd/SiO2 (prepared by impregnation with Pd(C2H3O2)2) and two alkaline earth metal (AEM = Sr and Ba) promoted Pd/SiO2 catalysts prepared from the organometallic precursor {(DMF)xAEMPd(CN)4}8 (AEM = Sr, Ba; x = 4, 3). While Sr/SiO2 or Ba/SiO2 exhibited no measurable HDC activity, the bimetallic catalysts delivered specific HDC rates (per Pd metal surface area) that were up to a factor of 20 times higher than that recorded for Pd/SiO2. The initial fractional dechlorination recorded for Sr-Pd/SiO2 and Ba-Pd/SiO2 was up to two orders of magnitude greater than that for Pd/SiO2. We associate this promotional effect with a surface Pd/AEM synergy that enhances Pd dispersion with a resultant increase in H2 chemisorption capacity allied to a more effective C-Cl bond activation for hydrogen scission. Bulk and surface catalyst characteristics, pre-and post-reaction, have been probed by IR, BET, TPR, H2 chemisorption/TPD, XRD, XPS and TEM-EDX analyses. While 1,2-DCB conversion over Pd/SiO2 was lower than that observed for CB due to inhibitory inductive and steric effects, CB and DCB reactivity were comparable over AEM-Pd/SiO2. Each catalyst exhibited a temporal decline in HDC performance that we link to deleterious Cl interactions which impact H2 uptake/release capacity. Although the bimetallic catalysts were less susceptible to deactivation, the samples post-HDC retain an appreciable Cl content with a redispersion of both AEM and Pd components and a disruption to the surface electronic characteristics that is apparent from the XPS profiles. The presence of AEM had no effect on benzene hydrogenation performance over freshly activated samples but post-HDC, Pd/SiO2 exhibited depleted hydrogenation activity whereas both bimetallics (notably Sr-Pd/SiO2) generated a significantly enhanced hydrogenation response that we ascribe to a surface restructuring that is beneficial for aromatic reduction. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume294
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Ba-Pd/SiO 2
  • Benzene hydrogenation
  • Chlorobenzene(s) hydrodechlorination
  • Electronic effects
  • Pd/SiO 2
  • Sr-Pd/SiO 2
  • Surface reconstruction

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